This study will be conducted with the goal of designing and developing Self-management education & support package for hypertensive patients, in the form of a mobile app. Moreover, it aims to evaluate its effectiveness against the usual care.
The study will be conducted as a controlled clinical trial. The participants will be selected from the patients attending the Tehran Heart Center Clinic and will be randomly assigned to two groups of intervention and control. Inclusion criteria: The diagnosis of essential hypertension –without its complications, patients aged 30 – 60 years, having a Smartphone and/or tablet, the ability to read Persian, inclination to participate in the study, being medically treated for hypertension, intention to reside in the site of the study for the next 6 months. Exclusion criteria: presence of other cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, physical disability.
The intervention consists of an educational – support package in the form of a mobile app for controlling the determinant factors of hypertension and adherence to treatment. The content of this application has been developed based on a ‘needs assessment’ performed on hypertensive patients receiving medical treatment. The participants of the intervention group will keep receiving their medical treatment as well as being given the package. The outcomes of this study include adherence to hypertensive drug therapy, adherence to the DASH diet and sodium reduction, regular monitoring of blood pressure, predisposing –enabling & reinforcing factors of adherence to the treatment of primary hypertensive patients, hypertension, the usability of the application, rate of satisfaction of the application.